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Publications

2014

  • Sano, A, Picard R. W., Stickgold, R., Quantitative Analysis of Wrist Electrodermal Activity during Sleep, International Journal of Psychophysiology, In Press

  • Hernandez J., Li Y., Rehg J., and Picard R. W., "BioGlass: Physiological Parameter Estimation Using a Head-mounted Wearable Device," In International Conference on Wireless Mobile Communication and Healthcare, Athens, November 2014. PDF *WINNER OF BEST STUDENT PAPER AWARD*

  • Hernandez J., Picard R. W., "SenseGlass: Using Google Glass to Sense Daily Emotions," In ACM User Interface Software and Technology Symposium, Honolulu, October 2014. PDF

  • Hernandez J., Riobo I., Rozga A., Abowd G. D., Picard R. W., "Using Electrodermal Activity to Recognize Ease of Engagement in Children during Social Interactions," In International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing, Seattle, September 2014. PDF

  • Huang, S, H, Sano, A, Kwan, C, M, Y. "The Moment: a mobile tool for people with depression or bipolar disorder," In International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing, September 2014. PDF

  • Fedor, S., Picard, R. W., "Ambulatory EDA: Comparison of bilateral forearm and calf locations," In the Poster Session of 54th Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research (SPR), Atlanta, USA, September 10-14, 2014. PDF

  • Sano, A, Picard, R. W. "Comparison of Sleep-Wake Classification Using Electroencephalogram and Wrist-Worn Multi-Modal Sensor Data," In 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), Chicago, August 2014. PDF

  • McDuff, D., Gontarek, S., Picard, R. W., "Remote Measurement of Cognitive Stress Via Heart Rate Variability," In the 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), Chicago, August, 2014. PDF

  • Ahn, H.I. and Picard R.W., "Modeling Subjective Experience-based Learning under Uncertainty and Frames," the Twenty-Eighth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-14), Québec, Canada, July, 2014. PDF

  • Picard, R. W., Devinsky, O., Dworetzky, B., French, J., Friedman, D., Lai, M., Loddenkemper, T., Picard, L., Reinsberger, C., Sarkis, R., Surges, R., Tognetti, S. "Crowd-Sourcing a Scientific Study to Understand Autonomic Disruption in Epilepsy," poster at the 2014 Patterns Against Mortality in Epilepsy (PAME '14) Conference, Minneapolis, June 2014. PDF

  • Picard RW, Devinsky O, Dworetzky B, French JA, Friedman D, Lai M, Loddenkemper T, Poh M-Z, Reinsberger C, Sarkis RA, Surges R, "The importance of measuring autonomic data in new epilepsy treatments," poster at the 2014 Epilepsy Pipeline Conference, San Francisco, June 2014. PDF

  • Hernandez J., McDuff D., Benavides X., Amores J., Maes P., and Picard R. W., "AutoEmotive: Bringing Empathy to the Driving Experience to Manage Stress," In work-in-progress/provocative work in Designing Interactive Systems (DIS), Vancouver, Canada, June 2014. PDF

  • Teixeira T., Kaliouby R. and Picard R. W., "Why, When and How Much to Entertain Consumers in Advertisements? A Web-based Facial Tracking Field Study," Marketing Science, Atlanta, June 2014 PDF

  • McDuff, D.J., "Crowdsourcing Affective Responses for Predicting Media Effectiveness," MIT PhD Thesis, June 2014.

  • Hedman, E.H., "Thick Psychophysiology for Empathic Design," MIT PhD Thesis, June 2014. PDF

  • Ahn, H.I. and Picard R.W., "Measuring Affective-Cognitive Experience and Predicting Market Success," IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, (To Appear) 2014. PDF preprint

  • Morris, R.R. & Picard, R.W., "Crowd-Powered Positive Psychological Interventions." Journal of Positive Psychology, May 2014. PDF preprint

  • Picard, R. W., Fedor, S., & Ayzenberg Y., "Multiple Arousal Theory and Daily-Life Electrodermal Activity Asymmetry" Emotion Review, (To Appear) 2014. PDF preprint

  • McDuff, D., Gontarek, S. & Picard, R. W., "Improvements in Remote Cardio-Pulmonary Measurement Using a Five Band Digital Camera." Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, (To Appear) 2014. PDF preprint

  • Morris, R.R. & McDuff, D., "Crowdsourcing Techniques for Affective Computing." In Calvo, R. A., D'Mello, S. K., Gratch, J., & Kappas, A. (Eds.) Handbook of Affective Computing, Oxford University Press. PDF preprint

  • Hernandez J., Riobo I., Rozga A., Abowd G. D., Picard R. W., "How Easy Are Children to Engage during Child-Adult Play? Using Electrodermal Activity as Identifier", In the Extended Abstract of IMFAR, Atlanta, USA, May 2014. Abstract, Poster

  • Riobo I., Parnami A., Hernandez J., Abowd G. D., "G.L.I.M.: Glass Live Interaction Monitor Live Internal State Interaction Monitor using Google Glass + EDA", In the Extended Abstract of IMFAR, Alanta, USA, May 2014. Abstract, Poster

  • Paredes P., Gilad-Bachrach R., Czerwinski M., Roseway A., Rowan K., and Hernandez J., "PopTherapy – Coping with Stress through Pop-Culture," In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Pervasive Technologies for Healthcare, Oldenburg, Germany, May 2014. PDF

  • M. E. Hoque, R. W. Picard, "Rich Nonverbal Sensing To Enable New Possibilities in Social Skills Training," Special issue on “Aware Computing” for IEEE Computer, Vol. 47, no. 4, April, 2014. [Invited Position Paper]. PDF

  • Dontcheva, M., Morris, R.R., Brandt, J., Gerber, E., "Combining Crowdsourcing and Learning to Improve Engagement and Performance." CHI: ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Vancouver, Canada, April 2014. PDF

  • Hernandez J., Paredes P., Roseway A., and Czerwinski M., "Under Pressure: Sensing Stress of Computing Users," In Proceedings for the Computer and Human Interaction Conference (CHI), Toronto, Canada, April 2014. PDF

  • Sano A., "Got Sleep?: mobile phone application to improve sleep," CHI Workshop 2014, Biological Rhythms & Technology (the Computer and Human Interaction Conference (CHI)), Toronto, Canada, April 2014. PDF

  • Sano A., Picard R. W., "Understanding Ambulatory and Wearable Data for Health and Wellness," 2014 AAAI Spring Symposium Series, Stanford, USA, March 2014. PDF

  • Eckhardt M., Ferguson C. and Picard R. W., "A Platform for Creating Stories Across Digital and Physical Boundaries," Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Tangible, Embedded and Embodied Interaction. ACM, Munich, Germany, February 2014. PDF

  • Ayzenberg Y. and Picard R. W., "FEEL: A System for Frequent Event and Electrodermal Activity Labelling," IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics, Volume 18 Issue 1, January 2014. PDF
  • *Featured on the front cover

2013

  • R. Sarkis, S. Thome-Souza, M. Poh, J. Klehm, D. Vannan, J. Madsen, R. Picard, T. Loddenkemper, C. Reinsberger, "Autonomic Changes Following Generalized Tonic Clonic Seizures: An Analysis of Adult and Pediatric Patients with Epilepsy,"Annual Meeting of American Epilepsy Society, Washington, DC, December 2013. PDF

  • D. Vannan, R. Sarkis, S. Thome-Souza, M. Poh, J. Klehm, R. Picard, T. Loddenkemper, C. Reinsberger, "Nocturnal Sympathetic Surges of Electrodermal Activity Lateralize Ipsilaterally to the Seizure Onset Zone,"Annual Meeting of American Epilepsy Society, Washington, DC, December 2013. PDF

  • Zisook, M., Hernandez, J., Goodwin, M.S., and Picard, R. W., "Enabling Visual Exploration of Long-term Physiological Data,"In Proceedings of the 2013 IEEE Conference on Visual Analytics Science and Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, October 2013. PDF

  • Hoque, M. E, "Computers to Help with Conversations: Affective Framework to Enhance Human Nonverbal Skills," MIT PhD Thesis, September 2013. PDF

  • Hoque, M. E., Courgeon, M., Martin, J.-C., Mutlu, B., Picard, R. W., "MACH: My Automated Conversation coacH", 15th International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing (Ubicomp), 8-12 September 2013. PDF
  • *WINNER OF BEST UBICOMP PAPER AWARD* (5 out of 392 submissions won an award)*

  • Morris, R.R., Dontcheva, M., Finkelstein, A., Gerber, E., "Affect and Creative Performance on Crowdsourcing Platforms", In Proceedings of the 5th biannual Humaine Association Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction (ACII 2013), 2-5 September 2013. PDF

  • McDuff, D., Kaliouby, R., Kodra, E., Picard, R. W., "Measuring Voter's Candidate Preference Based on Affective Responses to Election Debates", In Proceedings of the 5th biannual Humaine Association Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction (ACII 2013), 2-5 September 2013. PDF

  • Sano, A., Picard, R. W., "Stress recognition using wearable sensors and mobile phones", To appear in The 5th biannual Humaine Association Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction (ACII 2013), 2-5 September 2013. PDF

  • Hoque, M. E., Picard, R. W., "Automated Coach to Practice Conversations", To appear in The 5th biannual Humaine Association Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction (ACII 2013), 2-5 September 2013. PDF

  • McDuff D., Kaliouby R., Senechal T., Amr M., Cohn J., Picard R.W., "Affectiva-MIT Facial Expression Dataset (AM-FED): Naturalistic and Spontaneous Facial Expressions Collected In-the-Wild.", The 2013 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops (CVPRW'10), Portland, OR, USA, June 2013. PDF

  • Lieberman, H., Dinakar, K., Jones, B., "Crowdsourced Ethics With Personalized Story Matching", in the proceedings of the ACM SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Paris, May 2013. PDF

  • Sano A., Picard R.W., "Recognition of Sleep Dependent Memory Consolidation with Multi-modal Sensor Data", The 10th Annual Body Sensor Networks Conference 2013, Cambridge, USA, May 2013. Poster Paper

  • Hernandez J., Sano A., Zisook M., Deprey J., Goodwin M., Picard R. W., "Analysis and Visualization of Longitudinal Physiological Data of Children with ASD", in the Extended Abstract of IMFAR 2013, San Sebastian, Spain, May 2-4, 2013. Abstract PDF, Poster PDF

  • Eckhardt M., Goodwin M., Picard R. W., "StoryScape: A Social Illustrated Primer", in the Extended Abstract of IMFAR 2013, San Sebastian, Spain, May 2-4, 2013. PDF

  • McDuff D., Kaliouby R., Demirdjian, D., Picard R.W., "Predicting Online Media Effectiveness Based on Smile Responses Gathered Over the Internet.", The 10th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, Shanghai, China, April, 2013. PDF
  • *WINNER OF BEST STUDENT PAPER AWARD*

  • Hernandez J., Zicheng L., Hulten G., DeBarr D., Krum K., Zhang Z., "Measuring the Engagement Level of TV Viewers", 10th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, Shanghai, China, April, 2013. PDF

  • Hernandez J., McDuff D., Fletcher R., Picard, R. W., "Inside-Out: Reflecting on your Inner State", Work-in-progress in Pervasive Computing, San Diego, CA, March 18-22, 2013. PDF

2012

  • Hedman, E., Miller, L. U., Schoen, S.,Nielsen, D., Goodwin, M., Picard, R., "Measuring autonomic arousal during therapy", Proceedings of 8th International Design and Emotion Conference, London 2012. PDF

  • Morris, R.R., Dontcheva, M., Gerber, E.M., "Priming for Better Performance in Microtask Crowdsourcing Environments", IEEE Internet Computing, vol. 16(5), October 2012. PDF

  • Hoque, M. E., " My Automated Conversation Helper (MACH): Helping People Improve Social Skills", Proceedings of the 14th ACM International Conference on Multimodal Interaction (ICMI), Doctoral Consortium, Santa Monica, CA, October 2012. PDF

  • Hedman, E., Quigley, K., Picard, R. W., "Using Ranked SCRs in Ambulatory Measurements: A New Approach to Distinguishing Real-World Salient Events", 52nd Annual Meeting of Society for Psychophysiological Research, September 19-23, 2012. PDF

  • Hoque, M. E., McDuff, D. J., Picard, R. W., "Exploring Temporal Patterns towards Classifying Frustrated and Delighted Smiles", IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2012. PDF

  • Dinakar, K., Jones, B., Havasi, C., Lieberman, H., Picard, R.W., "Common Sense Reasoning for Detection, Prevention, and Mitigation of Cyberbullying", ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 Issue 3, September 2012. PDF

  • McDuff, D. J., el Kaliouby, R., Picard, R. W., "Crowdsourcing Facial Responses to Online Videos", In the IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, Volume 3 Issue 4, pp.456-468, 2012. PDF

  • Sano, A., Picard, R.W., Quantitative analysis of electrodermal activity during sleep", the 21st Congress of the European Sleep Research Society, Paris, France, September 4-8, 2012. PDF

  • Sano, A.*, Hernandez, J.*, Deprey, J., Eckhardt, M., Picard, R.W., Goodwin, M.S., "Multimodal Annotation Tool for Challenging Behaviors in People with Autism Spectrum Disorders", Workshop on Ubiquitous Mobile Instrumentation at the International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing, Pittsburgh, PA, September 5-8, 2012. (*equal contribution) PDF

  • Hernandez, J.*, Hoque, M. E.*, Drevo, W., Picard, R.W., "Mood Meter: Counting Smiles in the Wild", Proceedings of International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing (Ubicomp), Pittsburgh, PA, September 5-8, 2012. (*equal contribution) PDF

  • Hernandez, J.*, Hoque, M. E.*, Picard, R.W., "Mood Meter: Large-Scale and Long-Term Smile Monitoring System", ACM SIGGRAPH Emerging Technologies, August 2012. (*equal contribution) PDF

  • Sano, A., Picard, R.W., Stickgold, R., "Quantitative Analysis of Autonomic Sleep Patterns with Polysomnography", SLEEP 2012, 26th Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies, Boston, USA, June 9-13, 2012 PDF

  • Eckhardt, M., Goodwin, M.S., "Influencing Gaze Behavior and Expression Recognition"; in the Extended Abstract of IMFAR 2012, Toronto, Canada, May 17-19, 2012. PDF

  • Hernandez, J.*, Sano, A.*, Goodwin, M. S., Picard, R. W. "AMA, an application for Annotation, Monitoring, and Analysis of behavioral activity"; in the Extended Abstract of IMFAR 2012, Toronto, Canada, May 17-19, 2012. (*equal contribution) PDF

  • Poh, M.Z., Loddenkemper, T., Reinsberger, C., Swenson, N.C., Goyal, S., Madsen, J.R., Picard, R.W. "Autonomic Changes with Seizures Correlate with Postictal EEG Suppression," Neurology Apr 25, 2012 PDF

  • Morris, R.R., Picard, R.W., "Crowdsourcing Collective Emotional Intelligence", Proceedings of Collective Intelligence, Cambridge, MA, April 18-20, 2012. PDF

  • Poh, M.Z., Loddenkemper, T., Reinsberger, C., Swenson, N.C., Goyal, S., Sabtala, M.C., Madsen, J.R., and Picard, R.W. "Convulsive Seizure Detection Using A Wrist-worn Electrodermal Activity and Accelerometry Biosensor," Epilepsia 2012 Mar 20. PDF

  • Dinakar, K., Jones, B., Lieberman, H., R.,Picard, R.W., Rose, C.P., Thoman, M., Reichart,R. "You Too?! Mixed-initiative LDA Story-matching to Help Teens in Distress." Proceedings of AAAI Sixth International Conference on Weblogs and Social Media, 2012, Dublin, Ireland. PDF

  • Ayzenberg, Y., Hernandez, J., Picard, R. W. "FEEL: Frequent EDA and Event Logging, a Mobile Social Interaction Stress Monitoring System." Work-in-progress in the Extended Abstract of CHI 2012. PDF

  • McDuff, D., Karlson, A., Kapoor, A, Roseway, A., Czerwinski, M. "AffectAura: An Intelligent System for Emotional Memory." Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Pages 849-858, ACM. PDF

  • Boyer, E.W, Fletcher, R., Fay, R.F., Smelson, D., Ziedonis, D. Picard, R.W. "Preliminary Efforts Directed Toward the Detection of Craving of Illicit Substances: The iHeal Project," Journal of Medical Toxicology. 4 February 2012. PDF

2011

  • Poh, M.Z, "Continuous Assessment of Epileptic Seizures with Wrist-worn Biosensors," MIT PhD Thesis, September 2011. PDF

  • McDuff, D., Kaliouby, R., Picard, R., "Crowdsourced data collection of facial responses," 13th IEEE International Conference on Multimodal Interaction (ICMI'11), Alicante, Spain, November 14-18, 2011. PDF

  • Hoque, M. E., Morency, L-P, Picard, R.W. "Are you friendly or just polite? - Analysis of smiles in spontaneous face-to-face interactions," In Proceedings of the Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction, Memphis, October 9-12, 2011. PDF

  • Hernandez, J., Morris, R.R., Picard, R.W. "Call Center Stress Recognition with Person-Specific Models," In Proceedings of the Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction, Memphis, October 9-12, 2011. PDF

  • Hedman, E. "The Frustration of Learning Monopoly: The Emotional Tension of Entering a New Game Encounter," The Ethnographic Praxis in Industry Conference, Boulder. September 18-21. PDF

  • Poh, M.Z., McDuff, D.J., Picard, R.W., "A Medical Mirror for Non-Contact Health Monitoring," ACM SIGGRAPH Emerging Technologies, Aug 2011. PDF

  • Sano, A., Picard, R.W. "Toward a Taxonomy of Autonomic Sleep Patterns with Electrodermal Activity," Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc, 2011. PDF

  • Sano, A., Picard, R.W., Wang H.H., Stickgold, B. "Autonomic Sleep Patterns in Visual Discrimination Task Improvement," SLEEP 2011 25th Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies (APSS), June 11-15, 2011, in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, May 12-14. 2011. PDF

  • Sano, A., Picard, R.W., Kaliouby R., Malow, B., Goldman, S. "Autonomic Sleep Patterns in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders," in the Extended Abstract of IMFAR 2011, San Diego, CA, USA, May 12-14. 2011. PDF

  • Morris, R.R. & Picard, R.W. "Computer-Mediated Exposure Therapy for Auditory Sensitivity in Autism Spectrum Disorder," in the Extended Abstract of IMFAR 2011, San Diego, CA, USA, May 12-14. 2011. PDF

  • Hoque, M.E., Picard, R.W., "Acted vs. natural frustration and delight: Many people smile in natural frustration," 9th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG'11), Santa Barbara, CA, USA, March 21-25, 2011. PDF

  • McDuff, D., Kaliouby, R., Kassam, K., Picard, R., "Acume: A new visualization tool for understanding facial expression and gesture data," 9th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG'11), Santa Barbara, CA, USA, March 21-25, 2011. PDF

  • Baltrusaitis, T., McDuff, D., Banda, N., Mahmoud, M., Kaliouby, R., Robinson, P., Picard, R., "Real-time inference of mental states from facial expressions and upper body gestures," 9th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition and Workshops (FG'11), Santa Barbara, CA, USA, March 21-25, 2011. PDF

  • Poh, M.Z., Kim, K., Goessling, A., Swenson, N.C., Picard, R.W., "Cardiovascular Monitoring Using Earphones and a Mobile Device," IEEE Pervasive Computing, in print, 2011. doi: 10.1109/MPRV.2010.91 PDF

  • Poh, M.Z., McDuff, D.J., Picard, R.W., "Advancements in Non-contact, Multiparameter Physiological Measurements Using a Webcam," IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, vol.58, no.1, pp. 7-11, Jan 2011. doi: 10.1109/TBME.2010.2086456 PDF

2010

  • Poh, M.Z., Loddenkemper, T., Reinsberger, C., Swenson, N.C., Goyal, S., Madsen, J.R., Picard, R.W., "Sympathetic Changes Associated With Epileptic Seizures," Ann Meeting American Epilepsy Society, San Antonio, TX, Dec 3-7 2010 PDF | Poster

  • Picard, R.W., Sano, A., Kaliouby, R.el, "Palmar vs. Forearm EDA during Natural Sleep at Home," 50th annual meeting of Society for Psychophysiological Research, Portland, OR, USA, Sep.29 - Oct.3, 2010. PDF

  • Poh, M.Z., Loddenkemper, T., Swenson, N.C., Goyal, S., Madsen, J.R., Picard, R.W., "Continuous Monitoring of Electrodermal Activity During Epileptic Seizures Using a Wearable Sensor," Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc, pp. 4415-4418, 2010 PDF

  • Fletcher, R., Poh, M.Z., Eydgahi, H., "Wearable Sensors: Opportunities and Challenges for Low-Cost Health Care," Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc, pp. 1763-1766, 2010 PDF

  • Hedman, E., Picard, R., Miller, L., and Goodwin, M "In-Situ Measurement of Electrodermal Activity During Occupational Therapy," In the Extended Abstract of Society of Psychophysiology Conference 2010, Portland, OR, USA, Sept. 29-Oct. 3. PDF and Poster

  • Poh, M.Z., McDuff, D.J., Picard, R.W., "Non-contact, Automated Cardiac Pulse Measurements Using Video Imaging and Blind Source Separation," Optics Express, vol.18, no.10, pp.10762-10774, 2010. doi: 10.1364/OE.18.010762 PDF+Multimedia
    Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics Vol. 5, Iss. 9

  • Hedman, E, "In-situ Measurement of Electrodermal Activity During Occupational Therapy," M.S. Thesis, MIT Media Arts and Science, September 2010. PDF

  • Picard, R.W., "Emotion research by the people, for the people," Emotion Review, Volume 2, Issue 3 (July 2010) PDF

  • Morris, R.R., Kirschbaum, C., Picard, R.W., "Broadening Accessibility Through Special Interests: A New Approach for Software Customization," Proceedings of the 12th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility (ASSETS), Orlando, Florida, USA, October 25-27, 2010. PDF

  • Ahn, H.I., "Modeling and Analysis of Affective Influences on Human Experience, Prediction, Decision Making, and Behavior," MIT PhD Thesis, September 2010. PDF

  • McDuff, D., Kaliouby, R., Kassam, K., Picard, R., "Affect valence inference from facial action unit spectrograms," 2010 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops (CVPRW'10), San Francisco, CA, USA, June 2012. PDF

  • Poh, M.Z., Swenson, N.C., Picard, R.W., "Motion Tolerant Magnetic Earring Sensor and Wireless Earpiece for Wearable Photoplethysmography," IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine, vol.14, no.3, pp. 786-794, May 2010. doi: 10.1109/TITB.2010.2042607 PDF

  • Poh, M.Z., Swenson, N.C., Picard, R.W., "A Wearable Sensor for Unobtrusive, Long-term Assessment of Electrodermal Activity," IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, vol.57, no.5, pp.1243-1252, May 2010. doi: 10.1109/TBME.2009.2038487 PDF

  • Morris, R.R., Kirschbaum, C., Picard, R.W., "Embedding Focused Interests Into Computer-Mediated Autism Interventions; in the Extended Abstract of IMFAR 2010, Philadelphia, PA, USA, May 20-22, 2010. PDF

  • M. Eckhardt, M. Goodwin, and R.W. Picard, "Eyes Up: Interactive Tangible-Digital Puzzles for Learning about Eyes; in the Extended Abstract of IMFAR 2010, Philadelphia, PA, USA, May 20-22, 2010. PDF

  • E. Hedman, L. Miller, M. Goodwin, and R.W. Picard, "Wireless, In-Situ Measurement of Electrodermal Activity During Occupational Therapy; in the Extended Abstract of IMFAR 2010, Philadelphia, PA, USA, May 20-22, 2010. PDF
  • Eydgahi, H., Williams, C., Fletcher, R., Picard, R.W. "iCalm: Wearable Sensor Platform For Long-Term Physiological Self-Monitoring," AMA-IEEE Medical Technology Conference on Individualized Healthcare, Boston, MA, March 23, 2010. PDF
  • Fletcher, R., Dobson, K., Goodwin, M.S., Eydgahi, H., Wilder-Smith, O., Fernholz, D., Kuboyama, Y., Hedman, E., Poh, M.Z., Picard, R.W., "iCalm: Wearable Sensor and Network Architecture for Wirelessly Communicating and Logging Autonomic Activity," IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine, vol.14, no.2, pp.215-223, March 2010. doi: 10.1109/TITB.2009.2038692 PDF

2009

  • E. Hedman, O. Wilder-Smith, M. Goodwin, M. Poh, R. Fletcher, R. W. Picard (2009), "iCalm: Measuring Electrodermal Activity in Almost Any Setting." Proceedings of the 2009 International Conference on Affective Computing & Intelligent Interaction, September 10-12, Amsterdam, Netherlands

  • R.R. Morris, "Managing Sound Sensitivity in Autism Spectrum Disorder: New Technologies for Customized Intervention," Master's Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2009. PDF

  • M. Eckhardt, and R.W. Picard, "A More Effective Way to Label Affective Expressions," International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction (Demo Session), 2009.

  • K. Kim, M. Eckhardt, N. Bugg, R. W. Picard, "The Benefits of Synchronized Genuine Smiles in Face-to-Face Service Encounters," IEEE International Conference on Computational Science and Engineering, vol. 4, pp. 801-808, 2009.

  • Picard, R.W., "Future Affective Technology for Autism and Emotion Communication," Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, doi: 10.1098/rstb.2009.0143 Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 12 December 2009 vol. 364 no. 1535 3575-3584. abstract PDF

  • Woolf, B., Burleson, W., Arroyo, I., Dragon, T., Cooper, D., Picard, R., "Affect-aware tutors: recognising and responding to student affect," Int. J. Learning Technology, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd., 2009, Vol 4, No. 3/4, pp. 129-163. PDF

  • Poh, M.Z., Loddenkemper, T., Swenson, N.C., Sabtala, M.C., Madsen, J.R., Picard, R.W., "Characterization of Long-term Continuous Electrodermal Activity Lateralization in Pediatric Epilepsy Patients," Epilepsia, Vol 50(Suppl. 11), pp. 11-12. PDF

  • Madsen, M., Mahmoud, A., Kashef, Y. "iSET: enabling in situ & post hoc video labeling." Proceedings of the 11th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility (ASSETS), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, October 26-28, 2009. PDF

  • Hoque, M. E, el Kaliouby, R., Picard, R.W., "When Human Coders (and Machines) Disagree on the Meaning of Facial Affect in Spontaneous Videos," 9th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents, Amsterdam, Netherlands, September 14-16, 2009. PDF

  • Hoque, M. E., Lane, J. K., el Kaliouby, R., Goodwin, M., Picard, R.W., "Exploring Speech Therapy Games with Children on the Autism Spectrum," Proceedings of InterSpeech,�Brighton, UK, September 6-10, 2009. PDF

  • Poh, M.Z., Kim, K., Goessling, A.D., Swenson, N.C., Picard, R.W., "Heartphones: Sensor Earphones and Mobile Application for Non-obtrusive Health Monitoring," Proceedings of the 13th IEEE International Symposium on Wearable Computers, Linz, Austria, 2009, pp. 153-154. PDF

  • Poh, M.Z., Swenson, N.C., Picard, R.W., "Comfortable Sensor Wristband for Ambulatory Assessment of Electrodermal Activity," 1st Biennial Conference of the Society for Ambulatory Assessment, Greifswald, Germany. June 25-28, 2009. PDF

  • Eckhardt, M., Madsen, M., Kashef, Y., Nasser, A.R. , Hoque, M.E., el Kaliouby, R., Goodwin, M., Picard, R.W., "User-Centered Design of Technology for Just-In-Time, In-Situ Exploration of Facial Affect for Persons on the Autism Spectrum," in the Extended Abstract of IMFAR 2009, Chicago, Illinois, USA, May 7-9, 2009. Abstract in PDF

  • Hedman, E., Eckhardt, M., Poh, M.Z., Goodwin, M.S., Miller, L.J., Brett-Green, B., Schoen, S.A., Nielsen, D.M., and Picard, R.W., "Heart Rate Variability and Electrodermal Activity in Children with Atypical Sensory Processing: Exploratory Pattern Analysis," in the Extended Abstract of IMFAR 2009, Chicago, Illinois, USA, May 7-9, 2009. PDF

  • Madsen, M., el Kaliouby, R., Eckhardt, M., Hoque, M.E., Goodwin, M., Picard, R.W. Lessons from Participatory Design with Adolescents on the Autism Spectrum." CHI '09 Extended Abstracts on human factors in computing systems, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, April 4-9, 2009. PDF

  • Daily, S.B.,"Cultivating Empathy: Incorporating Social and Emotional Learning in a Technology-based Curriculum," Poster presented at 2nd Annual Inter-Science of Learning Center Student and Post-Doc Conference. Seattle, WA, February 5-7, 2009.

2008

  • Picard, R. W., Smith, J.,Baggs, A., "Toward a voice for everyone," Unpublished white paper. PDF

  • Millner, A., & Daily, S. B., "Creating an Educational Ecosystem for Design, Fabrication, and Invention," In P. Hildreth & C. Kimble (Eds.), Communities of Practice: Creating Learning Environments for Educators (Vol. 1), Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing Inc.

  • Hoque, M. E., "Analysis of Speech Properties of Neurotypicals and Individuals Diagnosed with Autism and Down Syndrome," Proceedings of the 10th ACM Conference on Computers and Accessibility (ASSETS), October 13-15, 2008, Halifax, Canada. PDF

  • Madsen, M., el Kaliouby, R., Goodwin, M., and Picard, R.W., "Technology for Just-In-Time In-Situ Learning of Facial Affect for Persons Diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder," Proceedings of the 10th ACM Conference on Computers and Accessibility (ASSETS), October 13-15, 2008, Halifax, Canada. PDF

  • Picard, R.W., "Purple Haze Chemistry," Chapter in Falling for Science: Objects in Mind, pp 228-235, Ed. Sherry Turkle, MIT Press, May 30, 2008. online

  • D'Mello, S., Jackson, T., Craig, S., Morgan, B., Chipman, P., White,H., Person, N., Kort, B., el Kaliouby, R., Picard., R.W. and Graesser, A., "AutoTutor Detects and Responds to Learners Affective and Cognitive States," Workshop on Emotional and Cognitive Issues at the International Conference of Intelligent Tutoring Systems, June 23-27, 2008, Montreal, Canada. PDF

  • Daily, S. B., & Brennan, K., "Utilizing technology to support the development of empathy," In Proceedings of the 7th International conference on Interaction design and children (pp. 5-8). Chicago, Illinois: ACM.

  • Picard, R.W. and Goodwin, M., "Developing Innovative Technology for Future Personalized Autism Research and Treatment," Autism Advocate, First Edition 2008, Volume 50, No. 1, pages 32-39. PDF

  • Picard, R.W., Goodwin, M., Fletcher, R., Eydgahi, H., Williams, C., Marecki, A., Lee, C.H., Morris, R., Kim, K., Mota, S., and el Kaliouby, R., "Development of a New Toolkit Enabling Wearable Wireless Autonomic Nervous System Communication for Persons on the Autism Spectrum," Poster at International Meeting for Autism Research (IMFAR), May 15-17, 2008, London, UK. PDF

  • Teeters, A., el Kaliouby, R., Goodwin, M., Shandell, M., and Picard, R.W., "Novel Wearable Apparatus for Quantifying and Reliably Measuring Social-Emotional Expression Recognition in Natural Face-to-Face Interaction," Poster at International Meeting for Autism Research (IMFAR), May 15-17, 2008, London, UK. PDF

  • Lee, C.H., Kim, K., Breazeal, C., and Picard, R.W., "Shybot : Friend-Stranger Interaction for Children Living with Autism," Work-In-Progress in the Extended Abstract of CHI 2008, April 5-10, 2008, Florence, Italy. PDF

  • Lee, C.H., Morris, R., Goodwin, M., and Picard, R.W., "Lessons Learned from a Pilot Study Quantifying Face Contact and Skin Conductance in Teens with Asperger Syndrome," Work-In- Progress in the Extended Abstract of CHI 2008, April 5-10, 2008, Florence, Italy. PDF

  • Kim, K., Picard, R.W., and Lieberman, H., "Common Sense Assistant for Writing Stories that Teach Social Skills," Work-In-Progress in the Extended Abstract of CHI 2008, April 5-10, 2008, Florence, Italy. PDF

  • Daily, S.B., Headen, I. "Toward the design of a computational platform to foster student-teacher relationships," Presented at Harvard Student Research Conference, Cambridge, MA, March 13, 2008.

2007

  • Paiva, A., Prada, R., and Picard, R.W. "Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction, Second International Conference, ACII 2007," Lisbon, Portugal, September 12-14, 2007, Proceedings Springer 2007. online

  • Daily, S. B., and Picard, R. W. "Girls Involved in Real Life Sharing: Utilizing Technology to Support the Emotional Development of Teenaged Girls," Journal of School Counseling, 5(20), 27 August 2007. PDF

  • Ahn, H.I, Teeters, A., Wang, A., Breazeal, C., and Picard, R.W. "Stoop to Conquer: Posture and affect interact to influence computer users' persistence," The 2nd International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction, September 12-14, 2007, Lisbon, Portugal. PDF

  • Teeters, A. "Use of a Wearable Camera System in Conversation: Toward a Companion Tool for Social-Emotional Learning in Autism," MIT MS Thesis, September 2007. PDF

  • El Kaliouby, R., Picard, R.W., Teeters, A., and Goodwin, M. "Social-Emotional Technologies For ASD," International Meeting for Autism Research, Seattle, Washington, May 2007. Abstract Online

  • Daily, S.B., Eugene, W. and Prewitt, A. "The Development of Social Capital in Engineering Education to Improve Student Retention," Proceedings, 2007 ASEE Southeastern Section Annual Conference, Louisville, KY, April 1-3, 2007. PDF

  • Prewitt, A., Daily, S.B., and Eugene, W. "Minority Retention and Success in Engineering: Diversifying the Pipeline through the Development of Social Capital," Proceedings, 2007 ASEE Annual Conference, Honolulu, HI, June 24-28, 2007. PDF
  • *WINNER OF BEST PAPER PRIZE*.

  • Mills-Henry, I., Chapman, R., Brittain, E.B., Hampton, M., Daily, S.B., Walcott, A., and Bryant, R. "The Academy of Courageous Minority Engineers: A Model For Supporting Minority Graduate Students in the Completion of Science and Engineering Degrees," Proceedings, 2007 ASEE Annual Conference, Honolulu, HI, June 24-28, 2007. PDF

  • Burleson, W., Picard, R.W. "Evidence for Gender Specific Approaches to the Development of Emotionally Intelligent Learning Companions," IEEE Intelligent Systems, Special issue on Intelligent Educational Systems, Vol 22, No 4, July 2007, pp. 62-69. Pre-Print PDF

  • D'Mello, S., Picard R.W, and Graesser, A. "Towards An Affect-Sensitive AutoTutor," IEEE Intelligent Systems, Special issue on Intelligent Educational Systems, Vol 22, No 4, July 2007, pp. 53-61. Pre-Print PDF

  • Kapoor, A., Burleson, W., and Picard, R.W. "Automatic Prediction of Frustration," International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, Vol. 65, Issue 8, pages 724-736, August, 2007, doi:10.1016/j.ijhcs.2007.02.003. IJHCS Online by subscription

  • Breazeal, C., Wang, A. and Picard, R.W. "Experiments with a Robotic Computer, Body, Affect and Cognition Interactions," Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, Washington DC, March 2007. PDF

  • Picard, R. W. "Toward Machines with Emotional Intelligence," Chapter in The Science of Emotional Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns, Matthews, G., Zeidner, M., & Roberts, R. D. (Eds.) Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. (2007) Pre-Print PDF

  • Picard, R.W., Liu, K.K. "Relative Subjective Count and Assessment of Interruptive Technologies Applied to Mobile Monitoring of Stress," International Journal of Human- Computer Studies, Vol 65, Issue 4, April 2007. Pre-Print PDF IJHCS Online by subscription

2006

  • El Kaliouby, R., Picard, R.W., and Baron-Cohen, S. "Affective Computing and Autism," Progress in Convergence. Eds. W. S. Bainbridge and M. C. Roco, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1093: 228-248, doi:10.1196/annals.1382.016.

  • Burleson, W. "Affective Learning Companions: Strategies for Empathetic Agents with Real-Time Multimodal Affective Sensing to Foster Meta-Cognitive and Meta-Affective Approaches to Learning, Motivation, and Perseverance," MIT PhD Thesis, September 2006. PDF

  • Teeters, A., El Kaliouby, R. and Picard, R.W. "Self-Cam: Feedback From What Would be your Social Partner," ACM SIGGRAPH, 2006 Research Posters, p. 138, July 30-Aug. 3, 2006, Boston, MA. PDF

  • El Kaliouby, R., Teeters, A., and Picard, R.W. "An Exploratory Social-Emotional Prosthetic for Autism Spectrum Disorders," International Workshop on Wearable and Implantable Body Sensor Networks, p. 3, April 3-5, 2006, MIT Media Lab, Cambridge, MA. PDF

  • Kapoor, A. "Learning Discriminative Models with Incomplete Data," MIT PhD Thesis, February 2006. PDF

  • Ahn, H.I., Picard, R.W. "Affective Cognitive Learning and Decision Making: The Role of Emotions," The 18th European Meeting on Cybernetics and Systems Research (EMCSR 2006), April 18-19, 2006, Vienna, Austria. PDF

  • Goo, J.J., Park, K.S., Lee, M., Park, J., Hahn, M., Ahn, H.I., and Picard, R.W. "Effects of Guided and Unguided Style Learning on User Attention in a Virtual Environment," Edutainment 2006. PDF

2005

  • Tao, J., Tan, T., and Picard, R.W. "Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction," First International Conference, ACII 2005, Beijing, China, October 22-24, 2005, Proceedings Springer 2005.

  • Kapoor, A., Picard, R.W. "Multimodal Affect Recognition in Learning Environments," ACM MM'05, November 6-11, 2005, Singapore. PDF

  • Fernandez, R., Picard, R.W. "Classical and Novel Discriminant Features for Affect Recognition from Speech," Interspeech 2005 - Eurospeech 9th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology, September 4-8, Lisbon, Portugal. PDF

  • Bickmore, T., Gruber, A., and Picard, R.W. "Establishing the Computer-Patient Working Alliance in Automated Health Behavior Change Interventions," Patient Educational Counseling, Volume 59, No. 1, pp. 21-30. PDF

  • Reynolds, C. "Adversarial Uses of Affective Computing and Ethical Implications," MIT PhD Thesis, September 2005. PDF

  • Ahn, H.I., Picard, R.W. "Affective Cognitive Learning and Decision Making: A Motivational Reward Framework For Affective Agents," The 1st International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction, October 22-24, 2005, Beijing, China. PDF

  • Larson, K., Picard, R.W. "The Aesthetics of Reading," Human-Computer Interaction Consortium, February 2005, Colorado. PDF

  • Daily, S.B. "Digital Story Explication as it Relates to Emotional Needs and Learning," MIT SM Thesis, June 2005. PDF

  • Davis, P.C. "Eliciting and Detecting Affect in Covert and Ethically Sensitive Situations," MIT SM Thesis, June 2005. PDF

  • Strauss, M. "HandWave: Design and Manufacture of a Wearable Wireless Skin Conductance Sensor and Housing," MIT SB Thesis, June 2005. PDF

  • Kapoor, A., Ahn, H.I., Picard, R.W. "Mixture of Gaussian Processes for Combining Multiple Modalities," in Proceedings of Multiple Classifier Systems, Eds. N. C. Oza, R. Polikar, J. Kittler, and F. Roli, 6th International Workshop, MCS 2005, June 2005, Seaside, CA, pp. 86-96. PDF

  • D'Mello, S.K., Craig, S.D., Gholson, B., Franklin, S., Picard, R.W., and Graesser, A.C. "Integrating Affect Sensors in an Intelligent Tutoring System," In Affective Interactions: The Computer in the Affective Loop Workshop at 2005 International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces (pp. 7-13) New York: AMC Press. (Also presented at IUI '05 Workshop, San Diego, CA, January 2005.) PDF

  • Picard, R.W. "Helping Addicts: A Scenario from 2021," Prepared for the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. PDF

  • Reynolds, C., Picard, R.W. "Evaluation of Affective Computing Systems from a Dimensional Metaethical Position," 1st Augmented Cognition Conference, In conjunction with the 11th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, July 22-27, 2005, Las Vegas, NV. PDF

  • Picard, R.W., Daily, S.B. "Evaluating Affective Interactions: Alternatives to Asking What Users Feel," CHI Workshop on Evaluating Affective Interfaces: Innovative Approaches, April 2005, Portland, OR. PDF

  • Liu, K.K., Picard, R.W. "Embedded Empathy in Continuous, Interactive Health Assessment," CHI Workshop on HCI Challenges in Health Assessment, April 2005, Portland, OR. PDF

  • Reynolds, C. "On the Computational Complexity of Action Evaluations," Sixth International Conference of Computer Ethics: Philosophical Enquiry, July 17-19, 2005, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands. PDF

  • Healey, J., Picard, R.W. "Detecting Stress During Real-World Driving Tasks Using Physiological Sensors," IEEE Trans. on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Volume 6, No. 2, June 2005, pp. 156-166. PDF
    *TOP 10 BEST PAPERS FROM 2000-2009 of the IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS.*

  • Qi, A. (Yuan) "Extending Expectation Propagation for Graphical Models," MIT PhD Thesis, February 2005. PDF

  • Strauss, M., Reynolds, C., Hughes, S., Park, K., McDarby, G. and Picard, R.W. "The HandWave Bluetooth Skin Conductance Sensor," The 1st International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction, October 22-24, 2005, Beijing, China. PDF

  • Kapoor, A., Qi, Y., Ahn, H.I., and Picard, R.W. "Hyperparameter and Kernel Learning for Graph Based Semi-Supervised Classification," Proceedings of Neural Information Processing Systems, NIPS 2005, December 2005, Vancouver, BC, Canada. PDF

2004

  • Wren, C., Reynolds, C. "Minimalism in Ubiquitous Interface Design," Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, Tangible Interfaces in Perspective Theme Issue, to appear. PDF

  • Bickmore, T., Picard, R.W. "Establishing and Maintaining Long-Term Human-Computer Relationships," Trans. on Computer-Human Interaction, Volume 12, No. 2, June 2004, pp. 293-327. PDF

  • Picard, R.W., S. Papert, W. Bender, B. Blumberg, C. Breazeal, D. Cavallo, T. Machover, M. Resnick, D. Roy and C. Strohecker (2004), "Affective Learning--A Manifesto," BT Technical Journal, Volume 22, No. 4, October 2004, pp. 253-269. PDF

  • S.B. Daily, Picard, R.W. "INNER-active Journal," The 1st ACM Workshop on Story Representation, Mechanism And Context In Conjunction with the 12th ACM International Conference on Multimedia, October 15,2004. PDF

  • A. Mohan (2004), "Health-Technology: Design of Bandage-Sized Wireless Sensors and Effect of Ambient Displays on Social Support and Diabetes Management", MIT SM Thesis, September 2004. Please email Akshay Mohan for a PDF

  • W. Burleson, Picard, R.W. "Affective Agents: Sustaining Motivation to Learn Through Failure and a State of Stuck," Social and Emotional Intelligence in Learning Environments Workshop In Conjunction with the 7th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, August 31, 2004, Maceio - Alagoas, Brasil. PDF

  • W. Burleson (2004), "Affective Learning Companions," Doctorial Consortium in Conjunction with the 7th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, August 30, 2004, Maceio - Alagoas, Brasil. PDF

  • A. Kapoor, Picard, R.W., and Y. Ivanov (2004), "Probabilistic Combination of Multiple Modalities to Detect Interest," International Conference on Pattern Recognition, August 2004, Cambridge, U.K. PDF

  • J. Angesleva, C. Reynolds and S. O'Modhrain (2004), "Emotemail," In DVD proceedings of the 31st International Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques (SIGGRAPH) August 8, 2004. Abstract PDF Poster PDF

  • C. Reynolds,Picard, R.W. "Ethical Evaluation of Displays that Adapt to Affect," 1st Adaptive Displays Conference, In conjunction with the 31st International Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques (SIGGRAPH), August 7, 2004. CyberPsychology and Behavior. PDF

  • Y. Qi, T. Minka, Picard, R.W. and Z. Ghahramani (2004), "Predictive Automatic Relevance Determination by Expectation Propagation," International Conference on Machine Learning, July 2004, Banff, Canada. PDF

  • W. Burleson, Picard, R.W., K. Perlin and J. Lippincott (2004), "A Platform for Affective Agent Research," Workshop on Empathetic Agents, International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems, Columbia University, July 2004, New York, NY. PDF

  • K.K. Liu (2004), "A Personal, Mobile System for Understanding Stress and Interruptions," M.S. Thesis, MIT Media Arts and Science, June 2004. PDF

  • T. Bickmore, Picard, R.W. "Towards Caring Machines", Proceedings of CHI, April 2004, Vienna, Italy. PDF

  • C. Reynolds, Picard, R.W. "Affective Sensors, Privacy, and Ethical Contracts," Proceedings of CHI, April 2004, Vienna, Italy, pp. 1103-1106. PDF

  • R. Fernandez (2004), "A Computational Model for the Automatic Recognition of Affect in Speech," Ph.D. Thesis, MIT Media Arts and Science, February 2004. PDF Free and Open Source Speech Prosody Analysis Software Tools Download

2003

  • A. Mohan, and R.W. Picard (2003), "Health-Zero: A New Health and Lifesytle Management Pradigm," New Generatoin of Wearable Systems for eHealth: Towards a Revolution of Citizen's Health and Lifestyle Management, Il Ciocco, December 12-14, 2003, Castelvecchio Pascoli, Lucca, Tuscany, Italy. Abstract PDF

  • A. Kapoor, Y. Qi, and R.W. Picard (2003), "Fully Automatic Upper Facial Action Recognition," IEEE International Workshop on Analysis and Modeling of Faces and Gestures (AMFG 2003) held in conjunction with ICCV 2003, October 2003, Nice, France. TR 571

  • C.Q. Du (2003), "Prediction of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation (PAF) Onset through Analysis of Inter-beat Intervals (IBI)," Masters of Engineering Thesis, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, MIT, May 2003. PDF

  • R. Fernandez and R.W. Picard (2003), "Modeling Driver's Speech under Stress," Speech Communication, Volume 40, pp. 145-159. PDF

  • J. Dennerlein, T. Becker, P. Johnson, C. Reynolds and R.W. Picard (2003), "Frustrating Computer Users Increases Exposure to Physical Factors," Proceedings of the International Ergonomics Association, August 24-29, 2003, Seoul, Korea. PDF

  • R.W. Picard (2003), "Affective Computing: Challenges," International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, Volume 59, Issues 1-2, July 2003, pp. 55-64. PDF

  • S. Mota and R.W. Picard (2003), "Automated Posture Analysis for Detecting Learner's Interest Level," Workshop on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition for Human-Computer Interaction, CVPR HCI, June, 2003. PDF TR 574

  • T. Bickmore (2003), "Relational Agents: Effecting Change Through Human-Computer Relationships," Ph.D. Thesis, MIT Program in Media Arts and Science, February 2003. PDF

  • T. Bickmore and R.W. Picard (2003), "Subtle Expressivity by Relational Agents," Proceedings of the CHI 2003 Workshop on Subtle Expressivity for Characters and Robots, April 7th, 2003, Fort Lauderdale, FL. PDF

  • K.K. Liu and R.W. Picard (2003), "Subtle Expressivity in a Robotic Computer," Proceedings of the CHI2003 Workshop on Subtle Expressivity for Characters and Robot, April 2003, Ft. Lauderdale, FL. PDF

  • F. Mueller, S. Agamanolis and R.W. Picard, (2003), "Exertion Interfaces: Sports Over a Distance for Social Bonding and Fun," Proceedings of CHI, April 2003, Ft. Lauderdale, FL. PDF

2002

  • K. Blocher and R.W. Picard (2002), "Affective Social Quest: Emotion Recognition Therapy for Autistic Children," Chapter 16 in Socially Intelligent Agents - Creating Relationships with Computers and Robots, ed. by K. Dautenhahn, A. Bond, L. Canamero and B. Edmonds, Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands. PDF

  • C. Wren and C. Reynolds (2002), "Parsimony & Transparency in Ubiquitous Interface Design," In Proceedings of Fourth International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing (Ubicomp'2002), September 29, 2002, Goteborg, Sweden. Abstract PDF Poster PDF

  • A. Kapoor and R.W. Picard (2002), "Real-Time, Fully Automatic Upper Facial Feature Tracking," Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, May 20-21, 2002, Washington D.C. TR 550

  • A. Kapoor (2002), "Automatic Facial Action Analysis," MIT S.M. Thesis, Media Arts and Sciences. TR 552

  • J. Scheirer, R. Fernandez, J. Klein and R.W. Picard (2002), "Frustrating the User on Purpose: A Step Toward Building an Affective Computer," Interacting with Computers, Volume 14, No. 2 (2002), pp. 93-118. TR 509

  • J. Klein, Y. Moon and R.W. Picard (2002), "This Computer Responds to User Frustration," Interacting with Computers, Volume 14, No. 2, (2002), pp. 119-140. TR 502

  • R.W. Picard, J. Klein (2002), "Computers that Recognise and Respond to User Emotion: Theoretical and Practical Implications," Interacting with Computers, Volume 14, Issue 2, (2002), pp. 141-169. TR 538

  • J. Klein, Y. Moon and R.W. Picard (2002), "This Computer Responds to User Frustration: Theory, Design, Results, and Implications," Interacting with Computers. Volume 14, (2002), pp 119-140. PDF

  • R. Fernandez and R.W. Picard (2002), "Dialog Act Classification from Prosodic Features Using Support Vector Machines," Proceedings of Speech Prosody 2002, Aix-en-Provence, France, April 11-13, 2002. PDF

  • R.W. Picard and A. Wexelblat (2002), "Future Interfaces: Social and Emotional," CHI, April 20-25, 2002, Minneapolis, MN, pp. 698-699. PDF

  • Y. Qi, T.P. Minka and R.W. Picard (2002), "Bayesian Spectrum Estimation of Unevenly Sampled Nonstationary Data," ICASSP 2002, May 2002, Orlando, FL. TR 549 Longer version of this work with more examples is in TR 556

  • F. Mueller, S. Agamanolis and R.W. Picard (2002), "Exertion Interfaces for Sports Over a Distance," Proceedings of UIST, 2002, Paris, France. PDF

  • G. Aist, B. Kort, R. Reilly, R.W. Picard and J. Mostow (2002), "Experimentally Augmenting an Intelligent Tutoring System with Human-Supplied Capabilities: Adding Human-Provided Emotional Scaffolding to an Automated Reading Tutor that Listens," Proceedings of the Intelligent Tutoring Systems Conference (ITS2002), p. 992, June 2002, Biarritz, France. PDF

  • Y. Qi and R.W. Picard (2002), "Context-sensitive Bayesian Classifiers and Application to Mouse Pressure Pattern Classification," Proceedings of International Conference on Pattern Recognition, August 2002, Quebec City, Canada. TR 553

  • S. Mota (2002), "Automated Posture Analysis For Detecting Learner's Affective State," MIT MS Thesis, September 2002. PDF

  • F. Mueller (2002), "Sports Over a Distance for Social Bonding and Fun," MIT MS Thesis, September 2002. PDF

  • R.W. Picard and C. Du (2002), "Monitoring Stress and Heart Health with a Phone and Wearable Computer," Motorola Offspring Journal, Volume 1, November 2002. PDF

  • B. Kort, R. Reilly and N. Williams (2002), "Experiences with Civility and the Role of a Social Contract in Virtual Communities: A Communitas Model," from Papers from the 2002 AAAI Fall Symposium on Etiquette for Human-Computer Work, November 2002, North Falmouth, MA. DOC

2001

  • C. Reynolds (2001), "The Sensing and Measurement of Frustration with Computers," MIT SM Thesis, May 2001. PDF

  • T. Minka (2001), "A Family of Algorithms for Approximate Bayesian Inference," MIT PhD Thesis, January 2001. TR 533

  • R.W. Picard (2001), "Affective Medicine: Technology with Emotional Intelligence," Chapter in book "Future of Health Technology," IOS Press. TR 537

  • R.W. Picard (2001), "What Does it Mean for a Computer to "Have" Emotions?," Chapter in "Emotions in Humans and Artifacts," Ed. by R. Trappl, P. Petta and S. Payr. TR 534

  • R.W. Picard (2001), "Building HAL: Computers that Sense, Recognize, and Respond to Human Emotion," Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. Human Vision and Electronic Imaging VI, Part of IS&T;/SPIE9s Photonics West 2001. TR 532

  • J. Wachman and R.W. Picard (2001), "Tools for Browsing a TV Situation Comedy Based on Content Specific Attributes," Multimedia Tools and Applications, Volume 13, April 2001, pp. 255-284. TR 477

  • T. Minka (2001), "A Family of Algorithms for an Aproximate Bayesian Inference," MIT PhD Thesis, January 2001. TR 533

  • R. Reilly, B. Kort and R.W. Picard (2001), "External Representation of Learning Process and Domain Knowledge: Affective State as a Determinate of its Structure and Function," Proceedings the IEEE Artificial Intelligence in Education Conference, San Antonio, Texas, May 2001. TR 546

  • B. Kort, R. Reilly and R.W. Picard (2001a), "An Affective Model of Interplay Between Emotions and Learning: Reengineering Educational Pedagogy-Building a Learning Companion," In Proceedings of International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT 2001), August 2001, Madison, WI. TR 547
  • *Winner of Best Paper Prize*

  • R.W. Picard and J. Scheirer (2001), "The Galvactivator: A Glove that Senses and Communicates Skin Conductivity," Proceedings from the 9th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, August 2001, New Orleans, LA, pp. 1538-1542. TR 542

  • C. Reynolds and R.W. Picard (2001), "Designing for Affective Interactions," Proceedings from the 9th International Conference on Human-ComputerInteraction, New Orleans, August 2001. TR 541

  • R.W. Picard, E. Vyzas, and J. Healey (2001), "Toward Machine Emotional Intelligence: Analysis of Affective Physiological State," IEEE Transactions Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Volume 23, No. 10, pp. 1175—1191, October 2001. TR 536

  • A. Kapoor, S. Mota, and R.W. Picard (2001), "Towards a Learning Companion that Recognizes Affect Emotional and Intelligence II: The Tangled Knot of Social Cognition," AAAI Fall Symposium 2001, North Falmouth, MA, November 2001. TR 543

  • A. Kapoor and R.W. Picard (2001), "A Real-Time Head Nod and Shake Detector," Workshop on Perceptive User Interfaces, Orlando, FL, 15th-16th, November 2001. TR 544

  • Y. Qi, C. Reynolds and R.W. Picard (2001), "The Bayes Point Machine for Computer-User Frustration Detection via Pressure Mouse," Proceedings from the Workshop on Perceptive Interfaces, Novermber 2001. TR 545 PDF

2000

  • R.W. Picard (2000), "Toward Agents that Recognize Emotion," Vivek, Volume 13, No. 1, pp. 3-13, January 2000. TR 515

  • R.W. Picard (2000), "Synthetic Emotion," IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, Volume 20, No. 1, pp. 52-53, January/February 2000. PDF

  • T.M. Nakra (2000), "Inside the Conductor's Jacket: Analysis, Interpretation and Musical Synthesis of Expressive Gesture," Ph.D. Dissertation, MIT Media Lab, February 2000. TR 518

  • R.W. Picard (2000), "Affective Perception," Communications of the ACM, Volume 43, No. 3, pp. 50-51, March 2000. PDF

  • R.W. Picard (2000), "Toward Computers that Recognize and Respond to User Emotion," IBM Systems Journal, Volume 39, Nos. 3 & 4, 2000. TR 535

  • R. Fernandez and R.W. Picard (2000), "Modeling Drivers' Speech Under Stress," ISCA Workshop on Speech and Emotions, July 2000, Belfast, Ireland. TR 528

  • J. Scheirer and R.W. Picard (2000), "Affective Objects," MIT Media Lab, March 2000. TR 524

  • J. Healey and R.W. Picard (2000), "SmartCar: Detecting Driver Stress," Proceedings of ICPR'00, Barcelona, Spain, May 2000. TR 525

  • J. Healey (2000), "Wearable and Automotive Systems for the Recognition of Affect from Physiology," MIT Ph.D. Thesis, May 2000. TR 526

1999

  • T. Minka (1999), "From Hidden Markov Models to Linear Dynamical Systems," TR 531

  • J.T. Klein (1999), "Computer Response to User Frustration," S.M. Thesis, MIT, January 1999. TR 480

  • J. Scheirer, R. Fernandez and R.W. Picard (1999), "Expression Glasses: A Wearable Device for Facial Expression Recognition," Proceedings CHI, late-breaking paper, pp. 262-263, Pittsburgh, PA, February 1999. TR 484 PDF

  • J. Healey, J. Seger and R.W. Picard (1999), "Quantifying Driver Stress: Developing a System for Collecting and Processing Bio-Metric Signals in Natural Situations," Proceedings of the Rocky-Mountain Bio-Engineering Symposium, April 16-18, 1999. TR 483

  • E. Vyzas and R.W. Picard (1999), "Offline and Online Recognition of Emotion Expression from Physiological Data," Workshop on Emotion-Based Agent Architectures, Third International Conference on Autonomous Agents, May 1, 1999, Seattle, WA. TR 488

  • E. Vyzas (1999), "Recognition of Emotion and Cognitive States Using Physiological Data," Mechanical Engineer's Degree Thesis, MIT, June 1999. TR 510

  • J. Klein, Y. Moon and R.W. Picard (1999), "This Computer Responds to User Frustration," Proceedings of CHI'99, Pittsburgh, PA, late-breaking results, pp. 242-243, June 1999. TR 502 PDF

  • R.W. Picard (1999), "Affective Computing for HCI," Proceedings HCI, 1999, Munich, Germany. PDF

  • R. Fernandez and R.W. Picard (1999), "Analysis and Classification of Stress Categories from Drivers' Speech," MIT Media Lab, November 1999. TR 513

  • T.P. Minka (1999), "Automatic Choice of Dimensionality for PCA," NIPS 13, December 1999. TR 514

  • K. Blocher (1999), "Affective Social Quest (ASQ): Teaching Emotion Recognition with Interactive Media & Wireless Expressive Toys," Master's Thesis, MIT, 1999. TR 497 PDF

  • D. Kirsch (1999), "The Affective Tigger: A Study on the Constructin of an Emotionally Reactive Toy," Master's Thesis, MIT, 1999. TR 496 PDF

1998

  • F. Liu and R.W. Picard (1997), "Finding Periodicity in Space and Time," Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Vision, January 1998, Bombay, India. TR 435

  • R.W. Picard (1998), "Toward Agents that Recognize Emotion," ACTES Proceedings IMAGINA, p. 153-165, March 1998. TR 515

  • J. Riseberg, J. Klein, R. Fernandez and R.W. Picard (1998), "Frustrating the User on Purpose: Using Biosignals in a Pilot Study to Detect the User's Emotional State," CHI late-breaking, March 1998. TR 458

  • J. Healey and R.W. Picard (1997), "Digital Processing of Affective Signals," Proceedings of ICASSP, May 12-15, 1998, Seattle, WA. TR 444

  • R.W. Picard (1998), "Human-Computer Coupling," Proceedings of the IEEE, Volume 86, No. 8, August 1998. TR 469

  • T. Marrin and R.W. Picard (1998), "Analysis of Affective Musical Expression with the Conductor's Jacket," Proceedings of the XII Colloquium on Musical Informatics, Gorizia, September 1998, Italy. TR 475

  • E. Vyzas and R.W. Picard (1998), "Affective Pattern Classification," 1998 AAAI Fall Symposium Series: Emotional and Intelligent: The Tangled Knot of Cognition, October 23-25, 1998, Orlando, Florida. TR 473

  • T. Marrin and R.W. Picard (1998), "The 'Conductor's Jacket': A Device for Recording Expressive Musical Gestures," Proceedings of the International Computer Music Conference, October 1998. TR 470 TR 470

  • J. Healey and R.W. Picard (1998), "StartleCam: A Cybernetic Wearable Camera," Proceedings of the International Symposium on Wearable Computers, October 1998, Pittsburgh, PA. TR 468

  • J. Healey, R.W. Picard and F. Dabek (1998), "A New Affect-Perceiving Interface and Its Application to Personalized Music Selection," Proceedings of the 1998 Workshop on Perceptual User Interfaces, San Francisco, CA, November 4-6, 1998. TR 478

  • A. Sherstinsky and R.W. Picard (1998), "On Stability and Equilibria of Analog Feedback Networks," IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems, Volume 45, No. 4, pp. 408-415, 1998.

  • F. Lui and R.W. Picard (1998), "A Spectral 2-D Wold Decomposition Algorithm for Homogeneous Random Fields," Proceedings of ICASSP'99, Pheoniz, AZ. TR 482 PDF

  • R.W. Picard (1998), "Human-Computer Coupling," Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol.86, No.8. TR 469 PDF

1997

  • J. Klein, R.W. Picard and J. Riseberg (1997), "Support for Human Emotional Needs in Human-Computer Interaction," In notes of "Toward and HCI Research and Practice Agenda Based on Human Needs and Social Responsibility" Workshop preceeding CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computer Systems, Atlanta, GA, April 1997. PDF

  • J. Healey and R.W Picard (1997), "Digital Processing of Affective Signals," Proceedings of ICASSP, May 12-15, 1998, Seattle, WA. TR 444

  • R. Fernandez (1997), "Stochastic Modeling of Physiological Signals with Hidden Markov Models: A Step Toward Frustration Detection in Human-Computer Interfaces," MIT Thesis for the degree of M.S. in EECS, September 1997. TR 446

  • F. Liu (1997), "Modeling Spatial and Temporal Textures," Ph.D. Thesis, MIT, September 1997. TR 462

  • R.W. Picard and G. Cosier (1997), "Affective Intelligence--The Missing Link?" BT Technical Journal, Volume 15, No. 4, Oct. 1997. TR 448

  • T.P. Minka and R.W. Picard (1997), "Interactive Learning Using a 'Society of Models,'" Pattern Recognition, Volume 30, No. 4, pp. 565-581, 1997. TR 349
  • *Winner of 1997 Pattern Recognition Society Award*

  • T. Starner, S. Mann, B. Rhodes, J. Levine, J. Healey, D. Kirsch, R.W. Picard and A. Pentland (1997), "Augmented Reality Through Wearable Computing," Presence, Volume 6, No. 4, pp. 386-398, 1997. TR 397

  • R.W. Picard and J. Healey (1997), "Affective Wearables," Proceedings of the International Symposium on Wearable Computers, Cambridge, MA, October 1997. TR 432

  • R.W. Picard and J. Healey (1997), "Affective Wearables," Personal Technologies, Volume 1, No. 4, pp. 231-240, December 1997. TR 467

  • R. Fernandez and R.W. Picard (1997), "Signal Processing for Recognition of Human Frustration," Proceedings of ICASSP98. TR 447

  • D. Kirsch (1997), The Sentic Mouse: Developing a tool for Measuring Emotional Valence,", MIT Bachelor's Thesis report, May 1997. TR 495

  • R.W. Picard (1997), "Affective Computing," MIT Press, Cambridge, 1997, The bibliography from this book is available online.

  • R. W. Picard (1997), "Does HAL Cry Digital Tears?: Computers and Emotions," chapter in Hal's Legacy, Ed. by D. Stork. The computer HAL was the most emotional character in Kubrick & Clarke's 2001: A Space Odyssey. This book contains chapters by Ray Kurzweil, Roger Schank, Doug Lenat, Azriel Rosenfeld, Don Norman, Dan Dennett, and other leading experts on areas where Hal has inspired research, together with an interview with Marvin Minsky, and a forward by Arthur C. Clarke.

  • J. Riseberg, J. Klein, R. Fernandez, and R.W. Picard (1997), "Frustrating the User on Purpose: Using Biosignals in a Pilot Study to Detect the User’s Emotional State," CHI 98, late-breaking short paper.

  • M. Szummer and R.W. Picard (1997), "Indoor-Outdoor Image Classification," Proceeding of International Workshop on Content-Based Access of Image and Video Databases, Bombay, India, January 3, 1998. TR 445 PDF

  • K. Popat (1997), "Conjoint Probabalistic Subband Modeling," PhD Thesis, MIT, 1997. TR 461

Before 1997, most of the research publications for Picard and her research assistants focused on image and video analysis, texture models, computer vision, pattern analysis, signal processing, and content-based retrieval, without deliberate consideration of affective information. These earlier publications can be found on the Old Vision & Modeling Group Tech Reports list (scroll down for original "classic" work).